National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) Interactive Computer Tasks (ICTs)
In 2009, NAEP administered two types of innovative science assessments: Hands-on Tasks (HOTs) and Interactive Computer Tasks (ICTs). The released tasks include samples of innovative item types and innovative evidence types to demonstrate how hard-to-measure constructs, similar to what are called for in the NGSS, were addressed. Interactive computer tasks (ICTs) required students to solve scientific problems in a computer-based environment, often by simulating a natural or laboratory setting. These tasks provided students an opportunity to demonstrate a broad range of skills involved in doing science, but without many of the logistical constraints associated with the hands-on tasks. A total of nine ICTs have been released to the public and are available to preview on the NAEP site.