Principles of Effective Instruction for English Learners
The Center for Applied Linguistics (CAL) developed a set of seven principles of effective instruction for English learners (ELs). These principles are based on research on ELs and CAL’s extensive experience working with EL students and their teachers. CAL uses these principles to guide professional development for educators working with EL students. The seven principles are summarized below.
Affirm each student’s identity to bridge new learning.
Use formative assessment to learn about student performance and inform teaching.
Involve every student in authentic, challenging, and engaging academic experiences.
Incorporate listening, speaking, reading, and writing domains in content instruction.
Involve every student in academic interaction with peers and with teachers.
Scaffold instruction to meet needs of every student while developing their academic language and literacy.
Engage with all stakeholders of student success, especially families and communities.