Research on Data Use: A Framework and Analysis
The article describes a framework for organizing research on data use and provides insights on factors that influence the success of data use interventions [such as interim assessment].
Processes of data use are at the heart for the framework, including the process of noticing the data and patterns in them, interpreting the meaning of the data, and constructing implications for subsequent action. The model posits that these processes are highly influenced by educators’ beliefs, knowledge and motivation, and social interaction and negotiation with colleges.
Organizational and political context then influence these processes of data use. Critical aspects of such context include routines for data use, which in turn are influenced by access to data, leadership support, time to analyze and plan subsequent action, norms, and power relations among and between data users at different levels.
Interventions to promote data use, including tools, comprehensive data initiatives and accountability policies are viewed as influencing both context dimensions and data use processes, which in turn influence potential data use outcomes of organizational change, and changes in practice and student learning.