A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas
In A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas, the National Research Council articulates a new approach to K-12 science education and outlines a broad set of rigorous expectations intended to support all students in achieving scientific literacy. It provides guidelines on how to become better prepared to pursue STEM careers. The Framework organizes science learning around three dimensions: science and engineering practices, crosscutting concepts, and disciplinary core ideas. Authors of the Framework emphasize that these three dimensions should be interwoven in every aspect of science education – curriculum, instruction, and assessment. The Framework was subsequently used as the foundation for the development of the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS).