Four Hundred Years of Evidence: Culture, Pedagogy, and Native America
Drawing from several major historical Native American education successes, Professor Roland Tharp proposes and supports seven “Standards for Effective Pedagogy” that are applicable to all students, not just Native American students. The standards are:
Joint Productive Activity: Teacher and students producing together; facilitate learning through joint activity among teacher and students.
Developing Language and Literacy across the Curriculum: Develop competence in the language and literacy of instruction in all content areas.
Teaching in Context: Connect teaching and curriculum to experiences and skills of students’ home and community.
Teaching Complex Thinking: Challenge students toward cognitive complexity.
Instructional Conversation: Engage students through dialogue.
Modeling and Demonstration: Learning Through Observation.
Student Directed Activity – Encourage Student Decision Making.