Issues in the Development of Annual Measurable Achievement Objectives (AMAOs) for WIDA Consortium States
This Research Brief summarizes a study conducted by the Wisconsin Center for Education Research examining Annual Measureable Achievement Objectives criteria. It provides guidance to WIDA consortium states on setting AMAOs, focusing on AMAO 1 and 2. This research draws much of its direction from Linquanti and George (2007). The author concludes that setting AMAO policies without understanding how second language learning occurs is fraught with problems. Demanding that students or language programs “move students along,” in some cases, belies the very nature of language learning and is unreasonable and unrealistic. The converse is also true; student growth expectations could be set abysmally low, so low in fact that students would be permitted to take inordinately long to learn English.