Next-Generation Accountability Systems: An Overview of Current State Policies and Practices
This report describes next-generation accountability concepts that states have either designed or implemented. Many concepts are derived through ESEA flexibility waivers that exempted states from many of the accountability requirements of the 2001 No Child Left Behind Act, the current iteration of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. The authors categorize the systems into five key sections: measuring progress toward college and career readiness; diagnosing and responding to challenges via school-based quality improvement; state systems of support and intervention; resource accountability; and professional accountability. The systems are described in the report, but not evaluated. According to the authors, “it is essential to note that the trends and state examples that follow are provided to illustrate patterns of reform across the 50 states, but that the individual state reforms we have highlighted may or may not have resulted in successful improvement of student outcomes.” Barriers to implementation are also described.