What Can Be Learned From Current Large-Scale Assessment Programs to Inform Assessment of the Next Generation Science Standards?
This paper discusses and explores innovations in existing large-scale assessment programs that could be used to inform efforts to assess the NGSS. The author provides an in-depth discussion of the 16 scientific and engineering practices embodied in the NRC Framework and the NGSS, and summarizes the practices’ inclusion in five large-scale assessment frameworks. Thorough examinations of the five large-scale assessment frameworks, as well as illustrative examples of innovative items that operationalize the practices, are included. The paper closes with a discussion of directions for future work to support effective assessment of the NGSS.