What We Know About Critical Thinking (4Cs Research Series)
This research brief is one in a series of briefs and annotated bibliographies on key aspects of conceptualizing, developing, and assessing the “4Cs” (Creativity, Critical Thinking, Collaboration, and Communication). Each brief starts with an overview of key conceptual issues related to the 4Cs. They then review research on interventions designed to increase student proficiency within each area. This brief focuses on critical thinking, with information on definitions, models, and how to assess skills and performance. It concludes with major take-away points and recommendations for different education levels (classroom, school, district, state and national).