Why is BC Best? The Role of Provincial and Reserve School Systems in Explaining Aboriginal Student Performance
After allowance for the impact of school location and employment rate, this study found that the Canadian province of British Columbia has achieved considerably better K-12 Native student outcomes than five other provinces with large Native groups. The study asked what British Columbia is doing right and what other provinces can learn. The author discussed three institutional and policy differences: i) more comprehensive and regular monitoring of Native student performance in the core competencies of reading, writing, and mathematics; ii) incentives for provincial school districts to innovate and consult with local Native leaders; and iii) the encompassing nature of First Nation institutions providing secondary services to reserve schools.