English Language Development: Guidelines for Instruction
The authors reviewed and synthesized several bodies of research and provide 14 guidelines for educators to help English learners make greater strides in learning English, specifically in English Language development (ELD) instruction. “ELD instruction is designed specifically to advance English learners’ knowledge and use of English in increasingly sophisticated ways. In the context of the larger effort to help English learners succeed in school, ELD instruction is designed to help them learn and acquire English to a level of proficiency (e.g., advanced) that maximizes their capacity to engage successfully in academic studies taught in English” (p. 14). In the article, the authors first describe the research base for ELD instruction and why it is so small. Then they report research that is related to their 14 guidelines. The guidelines are grouped into four categories: global policy, organizational, curricular focus, and instructional.